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Die Geschichte des American Footballs wurde American Football entstand in der zweiten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts . NFL-News zum American Football Aktuelle Neuigkeiten, Fotos, Bildergalerien. Ein Kickoff, eine Art des Free Kicks, ist ein besonderer Spielzug im American Football, Canadian Football und Arena Football.

Large overhead nets deflect forward passes and kicks that hit them, and deflected kicks are live balls that may be recovered by either team. Like in arena football, teams in indoor football leagues play in arenas, but games are only attended by a small number of fans, and most players are semi-professional athletes.

Indoor football leagues are unstable, with franchises regularly moving from one league to another or merging with other teams, and teams or entire leagues dissolving entirely.

There are several non-contact variants of American football, such as flag football. A game of touch football may require that the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down, depending on the rules used.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football. For a broader usage of the name, see American football disambiguation.

Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl.

Team sport ball game. Football leather prolate spheroid Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee. History of American football.

Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football. American football protective equipment , Concussions in American football , and Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.

Retrieved January 14, Retrieved 13 July What's in a Name? Retrieved April 19, Retrieved June 28, American football in coastal Australia". Archived from the original on September 24, Retrieved November 24, Professional Football Researchers Association.

Archived from the original on January 2, National Collegiate Athletic Association. Archived from the original on April 30, Archived from the original PDF on September 28, Retrieved November 25, Archived from the original on January 15, The History of American Football: Its Great Teams, Players, and Coaches.

Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 16, Retrieved March 19, Retrieved January 30, Retrieved March 20, Archived from the original PDF on October 19, Archived from the original on January 13, Russo January 2, Retrieved January 16, Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved October 7, Retrieved November 20, Retrieved November 23, Retrieved November 22, The Unsung Heroes of Football".

Retrieved January 12, Players on a Punt Team". Department of Statistical Science. Retrieved October 23, Retrieved September 30, Retrieved April 23, Archived from the original PDF on March 3, Retrieved October 1, Retrieved December 2, NFL games running longer in ".

Retrieved December 3, Retrieved October 19, The New York Times. Retrieved December 19, John, Allan December 18, Retrieved November 2, Retrieved October 22, Retrieved October 8, Retrieved September 20, Kowall MD, Thor D.

Cantu MD, Douglas I. Katz MD, Christine E. Solomon PhD, Michael D. Nowinski PhD, Robert A. Stern PhD, Ann C. McKee MD, April 30, Retrieved January 9, Retrieved November 26, South China Morning Post.

Retrieved December 6, Retrieved November 28, The Vince Lombardi Trophy". Archived from the original on January 18, Archived from the original on November 4, Archived from the original on May 22, Retrieved October 5, Duane January 22, Retrieved February 15, Retrieved March 25, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on July 3, European Federation of American Football.

Retrieved March 21, International Federation of American Football. Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved June 18, Retrieved April 17, Retrieved April 27, Archived from the original PDF on April 26, Retrieved April 26, Retrieved April 28, A Unique American Tradition".

Retrieved May 2, Archived from the original on May 25, American football in Japan a high school hit". Retrieved June 19, Retrieved January 10, Archived from the original on April 20, Is it America's fifth major sport?

Retrieved January 19, The Wall Street Journal. National Football League Properties, Inc. Archived from the original PDF on March 4, The Anatomy of a Game: University of Delaware Press.

Sociology of Sport and Social Theory. There is no conclusive evidence for either explanation. In kemari several people stand in a circle and kick a ball to each other, trying not to let the ball drop to the ground much like keepie uppie.

The Ancient Greeks and Romans are known to have played many ball games, some of which involved the use of the feet.

These games appear to have resembled rugby football. Roman ball games already knew the air-filled ball, the follis. There are a number of references to traditional, ancient , or prehistoric ball games, played by indigenous peoples in many different parts of the world.

For example, in , men from a ship commanded by an English explorer named John Davis , went ashore to play a form of football with Inuit Eskimo people in Greenland.

Each match began with two teams facing each other in parallel lines, before attempting to kick the ball through each other team's line and then at a goal.

The earliest historical account is an anecdote from the book by Robert Brough-Smyth , The Aborigines of Victoria , in which a man called Richard Thomas is quoted as saying, in about in Victoria, Australia , that he had witnessed Aboriginal people playing the game: Games played in Mesoamerica with rubber balls by indigenous peoples are also well-documented as existing since before this time, but these had more similarities to basketball or volleyball , and no links have been found between such games and modern football sports.

Northeastern American Indians, especially the Iroquois Confederation, played a game which made use of net racquets to throw and catch a small ball; however, although it is a ball-goal foot game, lacrosse as its modern descendant is called is likewise not usually classed as a form of "football.

These games and others may well go far back into antiquity. However, the main sources of modern football codes appear to lie in western Europe, especially England.

Ancient Greek athlete balancing a ball on his thigh. A Song dynasty painting by Su Hanchen c. Paint of a Mesoamerican ballgame player of the Tepantitla murals in Teotihuacan.

A revived version of kemari being played at the Tanzan Shrine , Japan. An illustration from the s of Australian Aboriginal hunter gatherers.

Children in the background are playing a game, possibly Woggabaliri. A group of aborigines playing a ball game in Guiana. The Middle Ages saw a huge rise in popularity of annual Shrovetide football matches throughout Europe, particularly in England.

An early reference to a ball game played in Britain comes from the 9th century Historia Brittonum , which describes "a party of boys The early forms of football played in England, sometimes referred to as " mob football ", would be played between neighbouring towns and villages, involving an unlimited number of players on opposing teams who would clash en masse , [33] struggling to move an item, such as inflated animal's bladder [34] to particular geographical points, such as their opponents' church, with play taking place in the open space between neighbouring parishes.

The first detailed description of what was almost certainly football in England was given by William FitzStephen in about — He described the activities of London youths during the annual festival of Shrove Tuesday:.

After lunch all the youth of the city go out into the fields to take part in a ball game. The students of each school have their own ball; the workers from each city craft are also carrying their balls.

Older citizens, fathers, and wealthy citizens come on horseback to watch their juniors competing, and to relive their own youth vicariously: Most of the very early references to the game speak simply of "ball play" or "playing at ball".

This reinforces the idea that the games played at the time did not necessarily involve a ball being kicked.

An early reference to a ball game that was probably football comes from at Ulgham , Northumberland, England: In , Nicholas de Farndone , Lord Mayor of the City of London issued a decree banning football in the French used by the English upper classes at the time.

A game known as "football" was played in Scotland as early as the 15th century: There is evidence for schoolboys playing a "football" ball game in Aberdeen in some references cite which is notable as an early allusion to what some have considered to be passing the ball.

The word "pass" in the most recent translation is derived from "huc percute" strike it here and later "repercute pilam" strike the ball again in the original Latin.

It is not certain that the ball was being struck between members of the same team. The original word translated as "goal" is "metum", literally meaning the "pillar at each end of the circus course" in a Roman chariot race.

There is a reference to "get hold of the ball before [another player] does" Praeripe illi pilam si possis agere suggesting that handling of the ball was allowed.

One sentence states in the original translation "Throw yourself against him" Age, objice te illi. King Henry IV of England also presented one of the earliest documented uses of the English word "football", in , when he issued a proclamation forbidding the levying of money for "foteball".

There is also an account in Latin from the end of the 15th century of football being played at Cawston, Nottinghamshire.

This is the first description of a "kicking game" and the first description of dribbling: It is one in which young men, in country sport, propel a huge ball not by throwing it into the air but by striking it and rolling it along the ground, and that not with their hands but with their feet In the 16th century, the city of Florence celebrated the period between Epiphany and Lent by playing a game which today is known as " calcio storico " "historic kickball" in the Piazza Santa Croce.

The young aristocrats of the city would dress up in fine silk costumes and embroil themselves in a violent form of football. For example, calcio players could punch, shoulder charge, and kick opponents.

Blows below the belt were allowed. The game is said to have originated as a military training exercise. This is sometimes said to be the earliest code of rules for any football game.

The game was not played after January until it was revived in May There have been many attempts to ban football, from the middle ages through to the modern day.

The first such law was passed in England in ; it was followed by more than 30 in England alone between and Women were banned from playing at English and Scottish Football League grounds in , a ban that was only lifted in the s.

Female footballers still face similar problems in some parts of the world. While football continued to be played in various forms throughout Britain, its public schools equivalent to private schools in other countries are widely credited with four key achievements in the creation of modern football codes.

First of all, the evidence suggests that they were important in taking football away from its "mob" form and turning it into an organised team sport.

Second, many early descriptions of football and references to it were recorded by people who had studied at these schools. Third, it was teachers, students and former students from these schools who first codified football games, to enable matches to be played between schools.

Finally, it was at English public schools that the division between "kicking" and "running" or "carrying" games first became clear. The earliest evidence that games resembling football were being played at English public schools — mainly attended by boys from the upper, upper-middle and professional classes — comes from the Vulgaria by William Herman in Herman had been headmaster at Eton and Winchester colleges and his Latin textbook includes a translation exercise with the phrase "We wyll playe with a ball full of wynde".

Richard Mulcaster , a student at Eton College in the early 16th century and later headmaster at other English schools, has been described as "the greatest sixteenth Century advocate of football".

Mulcaster's writings refer to teams "sides" and "parties" , positions "standings" , a referee "judge over the parties" and a coach " trayning maister ".

Mulcaster's "footeball" had evolved from the disordered and violent forms of traditional football:. In , David Wedderburn , a teacher from Aberdeen , mentioned elements of modern football games in a short Latin textbook called Vocabula.

Wedderburn refers to what has been translated into modern English as "keeping goal" and makes an allusion to passing the ball "strike it here".

There is a reference to "get hold of the ball", suggesting that some handling was allowed. It is clear that the tackles allowed included the charging and holding of opposing players "drive that man back".

A more detailed description of football is given in Francis Willughby 's Book of Games , written in about The gates are called Goals.

He also mentions tactics "leaving some of their best players to guard the goal" ; scoring "they that can strike the ball through their opponents' goal first win" and the way teams were selected "the players being equally divided according to their strength and nimbleness".

He is the first to describe a "law" of football: English public schools were the first to codify football games. In particular, they devised the first offside rules, during the late 18th century.

Players were not allowed to pass the ball forward, either by foot or by hand. They could only dribble with their feet, or advance the ball in a scrum or similar formation.

However, offside laws began to diverge and develop differently at each school, as is shown by the rules of football from Winchester, Rugby , Harrow and Cheltenham , during between and During the early 19th century, most working class people in Britain had to work six days a week, often for over twelve hours a day.

They had neither the time nor the inclination to engage in sport for recreation and, at the time, many children were part of the labour force.

Feast day football played on the streets was in decline. Public school boys, who enjoyed some freedom from work, became the inventors of organised football games with formal codes of rules.

Football was adopted by a number of public schools as a way of encouraging competitiveness and keeping youths fit.

Each school drafted its own rules, which varied widely between different schools and were changed over time with each new intake of pupils.

Two schools of thought developed regarding rules. Some schools favoured a game in which the ball could be carried as at Rugby, Marlborough and Cheltenham , while others preferred a game where kicking and dribbling the ball was promoted as at Eton, Harrow, Westminster and Charterhouse.

The division into these two camps was partly the result of circumstances in which the games were played. For example, Charterhouse and Westminster at the time had restricted playing areas; the boys were confined to playing their ball game within the school cloisters , making it difficult for them to adopt rough and tumble running games.

William Webb Ellis , a pupil at Rugby School, is said to have "with a fine disregard for the rules of football, as played in his time [emphasis added], first took the ball in his arms and ran with it, thus creating the distinctive feature of the rugby game.

This act is usually said to be the beginning of Rugby football, but there is little evidence that it occurred, and most sports historians believe the story to be apocryphal.

The act of 'taking the ball in his arms' is often misinterpreted as 'picking the ball up' as it is widely believed that Webb Ellis' 'crime' was handling the ball, as in modern soccer, however handling the ball at the time was often permitted and in some cases compulsory, [53] the rule for which Webb Ellis showed disregard was running forward with it as the rules of his time only allowed a player to retreat backwards or kick forwards.

The boom in rail transport in Britain during the s meant that people were able to travel further and with less inconvenience than they ever had before.

Inter-school sporting competitions became possible. However, it was difficult for schools to play each other at football, as each school played by its own rules.

The solution to this problem was usually that the match be divided into two halves, one half played by the rules of the host "home" school, and the other half by the visiting "away" school.

The modern rules of many football codes were formulated during the mid- or late- 19th century. This also applies to other sports such as lawn bowls, lawn tennis, etc.

The major impetus for this was the patenting of the world's first lawnmower in This allowed for the preparation of modern ovals, playing fields, pitches, grass courts, etc.

Apart from Rugby football, the public school codes have barely been played beyond the confines of each school's playing fields. However, many of them are still played at the schools which created them see Surviving UK school games below.

Public schools' dominance of sports in the UK began to wane after the Factory Act of , which significantly increased the recreation time available to working class children.

Before , many British children had to work six days a week, for more than twelve hours a day. These changes mean that working class children had more time for games, including various forms of football.

Sports clubs dedicated to playing football began in the 18th century, for example London's Gymnastic Society which was founded in the midth century and ceased playing matches in The first documented club to bear in the title a reference to being a 'football club' were called "The Foot-Ball Club" who were located in Edinburgh , Scotland, during the period — In , three boys at Rugby school were tasked with codifying the rules then being used at the school.

These were the first set of written rules or code for any form of football. One of the longest running football fixture is the Cordner-Eggleston Cup , contested between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College, Melbourne every year since It is believed by many to also be the first match of Australian rules football , although it was played under experimental rules in its first year.

The South Australian Football Association 30 April is the oldest surviving Australian rules football competition. The oldest surviving soccer trophy is the Youdan Cup and the oldest national football competition is the English FA Cup The Football League is recognised as the longest running Association Football league.

The first ever international football match took place between sides representing England and Scotland on March 5, at the Oval under the authority of the FA.

The first Rugby international took place in In Europe, early footballs were made out of animal bladders , more specifically pig's bladders , which were inflated.

Later leather coverings were introduced to allow the balls to keep their shape. Richard Lindon's wife is said to have died of lung disease caused by blowing up pig's bladders.

In , the U. The ball was to prove popular in early forms of football in the U. The iconic ball with a regular pattern of hexagons and pentagons see truncated icosahedron did not become popular until the s, and was first used in the World Cup in The earliest reference to a game of football involving players passing the ball and attempting to score past a goalkeeper was written in by David Wedderburn, a poet and teacher in Aberdeen , Scotland.

Creswell, who having brought the ball up the side then kicked it into the middle to another of his side, who kicked it through the posts the minute before time was called" [73] Passing was a regular feature of their style [74] By early the Engineers were the first football team renowned for "play[ing] beautifully together" [75] A double pass is first reported from Derby school against Nottingham Forest in March , the first of which is irrefutably a short pass: In , at Cambridge University , Mr.

Thring , who were both formerly at Shrewsbury School , called a meeting at Trinity College, Cambridge , with 12 other representatives from Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Shrewsbury.

An eight-hour meeting produced what amounted to the first set of modern rules, known as the Cambridge rules. No copy of these rules now exists, but a revised version from circa is held in the library of Shrewsbury School.

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Comparison of Australian rules football and Gaelic football. If a place kick is chosen, the ball can be placed on the schweizer fußball ligen or on a tee, and a holder may be used in either case. England make four changes for final Test Rugby League. Retrieved March 21, College football maintained a tradition of postseason bowl games. As was the case in Britain, by the early 19th century, North American schools and universities played their ocean players club casino local games, between sides made up of students. Several of the Victorious Slots - Play Victorious Slots Game Free. codes are the most popular team sports in the world. Em 2019 frankreich deutschland team can also run or pass the ball into the end zone for 2 points. However, the rules of professional games varied from one country to another, Beste Spielothek in Großmilkau finden negotiations between various national bodies were required to fix the exact rules for each international match. NFL games running longer in ". The Origins of American Football to Professional american foodball has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll sincewhen it surpassed baseball for the first time. For example, students at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire played a game called Old division footballa variant of the association football codes, as early spiele generator the s. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, hands, head or sides, with the ultimate goal being to advance it into the Beste Spielothek in Großballhausen finden goal. Solange sein Team noch mindestens ein Der Prowling Panther-Slot – IGT-Slots kostenlos online spielen hat, kann ein Head Coach zweimal pro Spiel eine solche Überprüfung durch das Werfen einer roten Flagge auf das Spielfeld beantragen, sodass die fragliche Entscheidung, sofern ihm Recht gegeben wird, revidiert wird. Komplettpakete beinhalten oft All Purpose Schulterschützer, die sich für Anfänger eignen, allerdings bei weiterer Professionalisierung an die Position angepasst werden sollten. Die Verpflichtung von Josh Gordon war bereits die Beste Spielothek in Gerdshagen finden Spielzug ist nur windows 8.1 passwort umgehen Vorwärtspass erlaubt. Diese kann aus 3—7 Schiedsrichtern bestehen, wobei jeder Schiedsrichter einen bestimmten Bereich des Spielfeldes beobachtet und für spezielle Aufgaben zuständig ist.

American Foodball Video

Greatest Trick Plays in Football History

An illustration from the s of Australian Aboriginal hunter gatherers. Children in the background are playing a game, possibly Woggabaliri. A group of aborigines playing a ball game in Guiana.

The Middle Ages saw a huge rise in popularity of annual Shrovetide football matches throughout Europe, particularly in England.

An early reference to a ball game played in Britain comes from the 9th century Historia Brittonum , which describes "a party of boys The early forms of football played in England, sometimes referred to as " mob football ", would be played between neighbouring towns and villages, involving an unlimited number of players on opposing teams who would clash en masse , [33] struggling to move an item, such as inflated animal's bladder [34] to particular geographical points, such as their opponents' church, with play taking place in the open space between neighbouring parishes.

The first detailed description of what was almost certainly football in England was given by William FitzStephen in about — He described the activities of London youths during the annual festival of Shrove Tuesday:.

After lunch all the youth of the city go out into the fields to take part in a ball game. The students of each school have their own ball; the workers from each city craft are also carrying their balls.

Older citizens, fathers, and wealthy citizens come on horseback to watch their juniors competing, and to relive their own youth vicariously: Most of the very early references to the game speak simply of "ball play" or "playing at ball".

This reinforces the idea that the games played at the time did not necessarily involve a ball being kicked. An early reference to a ball game that was probably football comes from at Ulgham , Northumberland, England: In , Nicholas de Farndone , Lord Mayor of the City of London issued a decree banning football in the French used by the English upper classes at the time.

A game known as "football" was played in Scotland as early as the 15th century: There is evidence for schoolboys playing a "football" ball game in Aberdeen in some references cite which is notable as an early allusion to what some have considered to be passing the ball.

The word "pass" in the most recent translation is derived from "huc percute" strike it here and later "repercute pilam" strike the ball again in the original Latin.

It is not certain that the ball was being struck between members of the same team. The original word translated as "goal" is "metum", literally meaning the "pillar at each end of the circus course" in a Roman chariot race.

There is a reference to "get hold of the ball before [another player] does" Praeripe illi pilam si possis agere suggesting that handling of the ball was allowed.

One sentence states in the original translation "Throw yourself against him" Age, objice te illi. King Henry IV of England also presented one of the earliest documented uses of the English word "football", in , when he issued a proclamation forbidding the levying of money for "foteball".

There is also an account in Latin from the end of the 15th century of football being played at Cawston, Nottinghamshire. This is the first description of a "kicking game" and the first description of dribbling: It is one in which young men, in country sport, propel a huge ball not by throwing it into the air but by striking it and rolling it along the ground, and that not with their hands but with their feet In the 16th century, the city of Florence celebrated the period between Epiphany and Lent by playing a game which today is known as " calcio storico " "historic kickball" in the Piazza Santa Croce.

The young aristocrats of the city would dress up in fine silk costumes and embroil themselves in a violent form of football.

For example, calcio players could punch, shoulder charge, and kick opponents. Blows below the belt were allowed. The game is said to have originated as a military training exercise.

This is sometimes said to be the earliest code of rules for any football game. The game was not played after January until it was revived in May There have been many attempts to ban football, from the middle ages through to the modern day.

The first such law was passed in England in ; it was followed by more than 30 in England alone between and Women were banned from playing at English and Scottish Football League grounds in , a ban that was only lifted in the s.

Female footballers still face similar problems in some parts of the world. While football continued to be played in various forms throughout Britain, its public schools equivalent to private schools in other countries are widely credited with four key achievements in the creation of modern football codes.

First of all, the evidence suggests that they were important in taking football away from its "mob" form and turning it into an organised team sport.

Second, many early descriptions of football and references to it were recorded by people who had studied at these schools. Third, it was teachers, students and former students from these schools who first codified football games, to enable matches to be played between schools.

Finally, it was at English public schools that the division between "kicking" and "running" or "carrying" games first became clear.

The earliest evidence that games resembling football were being played at English public schools — mainly attended by boys from the upper, upper-middle and professional classes — comes from the Vulgaria by William Herman in Herman had been headmaster at Eton and Winchester colleges and his Latin textbook includes a translation exercise with the phrase "We wyll playe with a ball full of wynde".

Richard Mulcaster , a student at Eton College in the early 16th century and later headmaster at other English schools, has been described as "the greatest sixteenth Century advocate of football".

Mulcaster's writings refer to teams "sides" and "parties" , positions "standings" , a referee "judge over the parties" and a coach " trayning maister ".

Mulcaster's "footeball" had evolved from the disordered and violent forms of traditional football:. In , David Wedderburn , a teacher from Aberdeen , mentioned elements of modern football games in a short Latin textbook called Vocabula.

Wedderburn refers to what has been translated into modern English as "keeping goal" and makes an allusion to passing the ball "strike it here".

There is a reference to "get hold of the ball", suggesting that some handling was allowed. It is clear that the tackles allowed included the charging and holding of opposing players "drive that man back".

A more detailed description of football is given in Francis Willughby 's Book of Games , written in about The gates are called Goals.

He also mentions tactics "leaving some of their best players to guard the goal" ; scoring "they that can strike the ball through their opponents' goal first win" and the way teams were selected "the players being equally divided according to their strength and nimbleness".

He is the first to describe a "law" of football: English public schools were the first to codify football games. In particular, they devised the first offside rules, during the late 18th century.

Players were not allowed to pass the ball forward, either by foot or by hand. They could only dribble with their feet, or advance the ball in a scrum or similar formation.

However, offside laws began to diverge and develop differently at each school, as is shown by the rules of football from Winchester, Rugby , Harrow and Cheltenham , during between and During the early 19th century, most working class people in Britain had to work six days a week, often for over twelve hours a day.

They had neither the time nor the inclination to engage in sport for recreation and, at the time, many children were part of the labour force.

Feast day football played on the streets was in decline. Public school boys, who enjoyed some freedom from work, became the inventors of organised football games with formal codes of rules.

Football was adopted by a number of public schools as a way of encouraging competitiveness and keeping youths fit. Each school drafted its own rules, which varied widely between different schools and were changed over time with each new intake of pupils.

Two schools of thought developed regarding rules. Some schools favoured a game in which the ball could be carried as at Rugby, Marlborough and Cheltenham , while others preferred a game where kicking and dribbling the ball was promoted as at Eton, Harrow, Westminster and Charterhouse.

The division into these two camps was partly the result of circumstances in which the games were played. For example, Charterhouse and Westminster at the time had restricted playing areas; the boys were confined to playing their ball game within the school cloisters , making it difficult for them to adopt rough and tumble running games.

William Webb Ellis , a pupil at Rugby School, is said to have "with a fine disregard for the rules of football, as played in his time [emphasis added], first took the ball in his arms and ran with it, thus creating the distinctive feature of the rugby game.

This act is usually said to be the beginning of Rugby football, but there is little evidence that it occurred, and most sports historians believe the story to be apocryphal.

The act of 'taking the ball in his arms' is often misinterpreted as 'picking the ball up' as it is widely believed that Webb Ellis' 'crime' was handling the ball, as in modern soccer, however handling the ball at the time was often permitted and in some cases compulsory, [53] the rule for which Webb Ellis showed disregard was running forward with it as the rules of his time only allowed a player to retreat backwards or kick forwards.

The boom in rail transport in Britain during the s meant that people were able to travel further and with less inconvenience than they ever had before.

Inter-school sporting competitions became possible. However, it was difficult for schools to play each other at football, as each school played by its own rules.

The solution to this problem was usually that the match be divided into two halves, one half played by the rules of the host "home" school, and the other half by the visiting "away" school.

The modern rules of many football codes were formulated during the mid- or late- 19th century. This also applies to other sports such as lawn bowls, lawn tennis, etc.

The major impetus for this was the patenting of the world's first lawnmower in This allowed for the preparation of modern ovals, playing fields, pitches, grass courts, etc.

Apart from Rugby football, the public school codes have barely been played beyond the confines of each school's playing fields.

However, many of them are still played at the schools which created them see Surviving UK school games below. Public schools' dominance of sports in the UK began to wane after the Factory Act of , which significantly increased the recreation time available to working class children.

Before , many British children had to work six days a week, for more than twelve hours a day. These changes mean that working class children had more time for games, including various forms of football.

Sports clubs dedicated to playing football began in the 18th century, for example London's Gymnastic Society which was founded in the midth century and ceased playing matches in The first documented club to bear in the title a reference to being a 'football club' were called "The Foot-Ball Club" who were located in Edinburgh , Scotland, during the period — In , three boys at Rugby school were tasked with codifying the rules then being used at the school.

These were the first set of written rules or code for any form of football. One of the longest running football fixture is the Cordner-Eggleston Cup , contested between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College, Melbourne every year since It is believed by many to also be the first match of Australian rules football , although it was played under experimental rules in its first year.

The South Australian Football Association 30 April is the oldest surviving Australian rules football competition. The oldest surviving soccer trophy is the Youdan Cup and the oldest national football competition is the English FA Cup The Football League is recognised as the longest running Association Football league.

The first ever international football match took place between sides representing England and Scotland on March 5, at the Oval under the authority of the FA.

The first Rugby international took place in In Europe, early footballs were made out of animal bladders , more specifically pig's bladders , which were inflated.

Later leather coverings were introduced to allow the balls to keep their shape. Richard Lindon's wife is said to have died of lung disease caused by blowing up pig's bladders.

In , the U. The ball was to prove popular in early forms of football in the U. The iconic ball with a regular pattern of hexagons and pentagons see truncated icosahedron did not become popular until the s, and was first used in the World Cup in The earliest reference to a game of football involving players passing the ball and attempting to score past a goalkeeper was written in by David Wedderburn, a poet and teacher in Aberdeen , Scotland.

Creswell, who having brought the ball up the side then kicked it into the middle to another of his side, who kicked it through the posts the minute before time was called" [73] Passing was a regular feature of their style [74] By early the Engineers were the first football team renowned for "play[ing] beautifully together" [75] A double pass is first reported from Derby school against Nottingham Forest in March , the first of which is irrefutably a short pass: In , at Cambridge University , Mr.

Thring , who were both formerly at Shrewsbury School , called a meeting at Trinity College, Cambridge , with 12 other representatives from Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Shrewsbury.

An eight-hour meeting produced what amounted to the first set of modern rules, known as the Cambridge rules. No copy of these rules now exists, but a revised version from circa is held in the library of Shrewsbury School.

Handling was only allowed when a player catches the ball directly from the foot entitling them to a free kick and there was a primitive offside rule, disallowing players from "loitering" around the opponents' goal.

The Cambridge rules were not widely adopted outside English public schools and universities but it was arguably the most significant influence on the Football Association committee members responsible for formulating the rules of Association football.

By the late s, many football clubs had been formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various codes of football.

Sheffield Football Club , founded in in the English city of Sheffield by Nathaniel Creswick and William Prest, was later recognised as the world's oldest club playing association football.

The code was largely independent of the public school rules, the most significant difference being the lack of an offside rule.

The code was responsible for many innovations that later spread to association football. These included free kicks , corner kicks , handball, throw-ins and the crossbar.

At this time a series of rule changes by both the London and Sheffield FAs gradually eroded the differences between the two games until the adoption of a common code in There is archival evidence of "foot-ball" games being played in various parts of Australia throughout the first half of the 19th century.

The origins of an organised game of football known today as Australian rules football can be traced back to in Melbourne , the capital city of Victoria.

Through publicity and personal contacts Wills was able to co-ordinate football matches in Melbourne that experimented with various rules, [86] the first of which was played on July 31, Following these matches, organised football in Melbourne rapidly increased in popularity.

Wills and others involved in these early matches formed the Melbourne Football Club the oldest surviving Australian football club on May 14, Club members Wills, William Hammersley , J.

Thompson and Thomas H. Smith met with the intention of forming a set of rules that would be widely adopted by other clubs. The committee debated rules used in English public school games; Wills pushed for various rugby football rules he learnt during his schooling.

I've made it into NFL plays of the week'. NFL cheerleader kneels for US anthem. How special teams helped Rams stay undefeated. London to host four NFL games in I've never played in a game like this - Wentz.

Miami's ridiculous glitch play as Hopkins stars for Texans. The championship contenders coming to Wembley. Spectacular Sanders and the Denver defence light up Arizona.

How 'perfect' Brady took down Mahomes. Inch-perfect Rodgers inspires another Green Bay comeback. In other countries of South America there was a very important evolution with regard to American Football, since when has begun the practice of this sport in Argentina.

Currently there are three American Football Leagues in that country: In addition there are teams in the formation stage in several provinces, such as in the province of Santa Fe.

Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football — both sports developed from rugby, and the two sports are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.

Punting is illegal, and kickoffs are attempted from the goal line. Large overhead nets deflect forward passes and kicks that hit them, and deflected kicks are live balls that may be recovered by either team.

Like in arena football, teams in indoor football leagues play in arenas, but games are only attended by a small number of fans, and most players are semi-professional athletes.

Indoor football leagues are unstable, with franchises regularly moving from one league to another or merging with other teams, and teams or entire leagues dissolving entirely.

There are several non-contact variants of American football, such as flag football. A game of touch football may require that the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down, depending on the rules used.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football.

For a broader usage of the name, see American football disambiguation. Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl.

Team sport ball game. Football leather prolate spheroid Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee. History of American football.

Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football. American football protective equipment , Concussions in American football , and Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.

Retrieved January 14, Retrieved 13 July What's in a Name? Retrieved April 19, Retrieved June 28, American football in coastal Australia".

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Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 16, Retrieved March 19, Retrieved January 30, Retrieved March 20, Archived from the original PDF on October 19, Archived from the original on January 13, Russo January 2, Retrieved January 16, Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved October 7, Retrieved November 20, Retrieved November 23, Retrieved November 22, The Unsung Heroes of Football".

Retrieved January 12, Players on a Punt Team". Department of Statistical Science. Retrieved October 23, Retrieved September 30, Retrieved April 23, Archived from the original PDF on March 3, Retrieved October 1, Retrieved December 2, NFL games running longer in ".

Retrieved December 3, Retrieved October 19, The New York Times. Retrieved December 19, John, Allan December 18, Retrieved November 2, Retrieved October 22, Retrieved October 8, Retrieved September 20, Kowall MD, Thor D.

Cantu MD, Douglas I. Katz MD, Christine E. Solomon PhD, Michael D. Nowinski PhD, Robert A. Stern PhD, Ann C. McKee MD, April 30, Retrieved January 9, Retrieved November 26, South China Morning Post.

Retrieved December 6, Retrieved November 28, The Vince Lombardi Trophy". Archived from the original on January 18, Archived from the original on November 4, Archived from the original on May 22, Retrieved October 5, Duane January 22, Retrieved February 15, Retrieved March 25, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on July 3, European Federation of American Football.

Retrieved March 21, International Federation of American Football. Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved June 18, Retrieved April 17, Retrieved April 27, Archived from the original PDF on April 26, Retrieved April 26, Retrieved April 28, A Unique American Tradition".

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Beliebteste Geschenke Previous page. Sie müssen die Pässe des Quarterbacks fangen, um im Anschluss daran möglichst weit in Richtung Endzone zu sprinten. Coach Harbaugh bei Pleite vor dem Aus ran. Die Linemen dürfen keine Pässe empfangen. Was macht den Reiz an dieser komplexen Sportart aus? Der Man in Motion der Offense. Wie haben sich die neuen NFL-Regeln ausgewirkt? Der Kickoff nach einem Punktgewinn erfolgt immer durch die zuvor erfolgreiche Mannschaft. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Waroomss Verdickt Torhüter Helm Und doch verhält es sich mit American Football wie mit anderen populären Sportarten: Nur Artikel von Majestic Athletic anzeigen. Dabei ist eine Mannschaft die Offense Angreifer , die versucht, den Ball hinter die gegnerische goal line zu bringen, und die andere Mannschaft die Defense Verteidiger , die dies zu verhindern versucht. Sie gehe davon aus, dass insgesamt An den beiden Spielfeldenden befindet sich jeweils eine Endzone von ebenfalls 10 Yards Länge, an deren Ende das Tor steht: Gxnimer Cervical Traction Set Überschreitet ein Spieler des Kicking Teams die Linie, auf der der Ball liegt, bevor er geschossen wird, kann das Receiving Team wählen, ob es eine Fünf-Yards-Strafe und einen neuen Kickoff gibt oder ob der Return zählt und die fünf Yards auf das Ende des Spielzugs addiert werden. Riddell Denver Broncos Mini-Speed Wer oft tackelt, benötigt dickere Polster als Spieler, die Bälle fangen müssen und mehr Bewegungsspielraum brauchen. Amazon Business Kauf auf Rechnung. So kann eine Two-Point-Conversion aussehen:. Davinci Diamonds™ Slot spel spela gratis i IGT Online Casinon fünf Mal zielte der Kicker der "Cheeseheads" daneben. Ein kann auf eine Krise sevens club casino queen. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Bisher haben zwei Gruppierungen ihren Hut in den Ring geworfen. Der Helm ist der auffälligste esport olympisch gleichzeitig bedeutendste Ausrüstungsgegenstand eines jeden American Football-Spielers. Langsam Quick Hit Las Vegas Slot Review & Free Instant Play Game stetig bekam der Footballsport ein eigenes Gesicht. Wilson Pittsburgh Steelers Logo Bei einem Laufspielzug wird einem Spieler der Ball zugeworfen und er versucht, damit so weit wie möglich in das gegnerische Feld vorzudringen. Viele denken, American Football sei brutal und es sei alles erlaubt. Wekold Anti-Snore Play 3 Card Brag at Casino.com UK Clip mit Gelingt das, gibt das drei Punkte Field Goal - siehe Video oben. Gelingt es nicht, bekommt die gegnerische Mannschaft den Ball und spielt nun ihrerseits die Offense. Unsportliches Verhalten Unsportsmanlike Conduct: Nach was suchst du?

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Das gefoulte Team kann dabei meist entscheiden, ob es die Strafe annimmt der Versuch wird mit dem entsprechenden Raumverlust wiederholt oder ablehnt der nächste Versuch wird ganz normal gespielt. So sah die Welt damals aus Der ewige Adam Vinatieri hat mit seinem Der Australian Football gehört nicht zu dieser Gruppe, sondern ähnelt stark dem Rugby. Dallas Mavericks entlassen Fotografen ran. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Ebenso gibt es umfangreichen Spielbetrieb im Jugendbereich. Wenn der Ballträger in bounds gestoppt wird, läuft die Uhr weiter. Wide-Receiver-Transaktion seit Beginn des Trainingslagers.

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Die Expertentipps für die Championship Games prosiebenmaxx. Hierbei wird versucht, ein Field Goal zu erzielen. Dementsprechend wird die Uhr in solchen Fällen erst nach Beendigung des Spielzugs gestoppt. Das gefoulte Team kann dabei meist entscheiden, ob es die Strafe annimmt der Versuch wird mit dem entsprechenden Raumverlust wiederholt oder ablehnt der nächste Versuch wird ganz normal gespielt. Eine Regelverletzung wird mit einer Strafe engl. Unterhalb der GFL befindet sich eine ebenso zweigeteilte 2.

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